VoIP Mechanic

Business VoIP Providers

  • Vonage Business
  • MegaPath
  • RingCentral
  • 8x8 Business Phone Service Providers

Residential VoIP Providers

  • Home VoIP Service
  • ITP Residential VoIP
  • Axvoice

 SIP Trunking benefits

SIP trunk benefits

A SIP trunk can be used by either an IP-PBX, like an "Asterisk Box" or other SIP capable appliances/routers.  This connection can be made without the need for TDM cards, or other gateways saving money on hardware.  Typically, SIP trunks are connections (like a phone line) to a VoIP SIP provider and the features are handled by an in-house IP-PBX or PBX.  (If the PBX features are to be handled by the SIP provider, like when connecting a few IP-phones to your router, then that would be typically called Hosted VoIP.) 

If multiple locations are connected and are using the same SIP Trunk out to the provider and PSTN, then consideration should be given for setting up IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange) as the means to interconnect two or more Asterisk servers.  There are advantages, such as:

  • IAX uses a single port for both signaling and RTP.
  • Advantages when interconnecting NAT and firewalls.
  • Better bandwidth utilization.

IAX Trunking between sites.

The diagram below shows a typical setup where each Asterisk server would be connected via an IAX protocol trunk.


In the case of a phone call, the call either originates as an IP call or is converted to one before it leaves the office.  This is done by the IP-PBX or a gateway device, like an ATA connected to an analog port on the PBX or a router with SIP capabilities.  (Most ATAs that are familiar use SIP.)

The call is then carried as data (RTP Real Time Protocol) the majority of the way over the Internet to the Internet Telephone service provider and on to a gateway where it converts back to a traditional call to PSTN for the last leg on the route.  Since a sizable portion of the call travels over the Internet or IP network, at almost no additional cost, the service provider can afford to offer calling plans at significantly reduced prices.  These providers are able to eliminate low capacity network links with multiple capacity IP connectivity.  And since calls to the PSTN are carried across the carrier's IP backbone to the media gateway using the most economical route to the PSTN destination, per-minute toll charges on these calls are reduced by the elimination of tariffs on numerous middle route connections between the session originator and the final termination point.

Some of the benefits of SIP trunking include:

  • Much lower rates on long distance calls, International calls and in-bound toll free calls.
  • The ability to establish virtual numbers in other geographic areas so that callers can use these numbers instead on more costly 800 numbers.
  • Using virtual numbers from other areas to establish a "point of presence" for the company.
  • Reduced costs as no TDM cards are required.
  • Getting the benefits of Hosted VoIP without having to abandon existing equipment or investing in IP phones.
  • The ability to add more calling trunks without the need for expensive digital pr analog station (port) cards.
  • The ability to use an IAD for connecting regular analog phones, instead of having to buy more expensive equipment.
  • Expansion of lines is dependant on bandwidth, which can easily be increased if needed.  Additional lines can be set for compressed codecs (G729 and others) to use less bandwidth per call.

SIP trunking explanation.


IP-PBXs or traditional PBXs can be set up to use SIP Trunks.

SIP trunking features/benefits.

SIP trunking features which are provided by the VoIP provider typically would include local and long distance calling plans, with some Internet Telephone Service Providers offering unlimited calls in the US and Canada, while in other cases it may be packaged with a bundle of minutes and a low per minute charge for each call.  And International calls would be charged at much lower rates than other traditional telecom companies.  Some SIP plans might include unlimited International calls to certain countries, a super deal if your company happens to make calls to any of those countries.  And you would probably get E911 services, SIP trunking will bring savings to your organization.  Exect to hear a lot about it over the next few years.directory listing and caller ID, along with a record of all inbound and outbound calls.  So to recap:

  • Lower calling rate packages, including Long Distance, Local and International.
  • Calling packages that include unlimited Long Distance in the US and Canada.
  • Lower rates on inbound toll free calls.
  • Directory Listing.
  • Inbound and Outbound Caller ID.
  • E911 services.